Japanese Culture – Anime and Manga
What is the difference between Anime and Manga?
In Japanese the word ‘Anime‘ means Animation which relates to the animated cartoons which have a very specific art style compared to cartoons from other countries.
The word ‘Manga” in Japanese means Comic which are growing in popularity throughout the world.
Anime アニメare Japanese animated productions usually featuring hand-drawn or computer animation. The word is the abbreviated pronunciation of “animation” in Japanese, where this term references all animation. In other languages, the term is defined as animation from Japan or as a Japanese-disseminated animation style often characterized by colorful graphics, vibrant characters and fantastic themes. Arguably, the stylization approach to the meaning may open up the possibility of anime produced in countries other than Japan. For simplicity, many Westerners strictly view anime as an animation product from Japan.
Anime is a diverse art form with distinctive production methods and techniques that have been adapted over time in response to emergent technologies. The production of anime focuses less on the animation of movement and more on the realism of settings as well as the use of camera effects, including panning, zooming and angle shots. Diverse art styles are used and character proportions and features can be quite varied, including characteristically large emotive or realistically sized eyes.\
As a popular movement and unique art style, anime styling has been the subject of both satire and serious creative productions. South Park’s “Chinpokomon” and “Good Times with Weapons” episodes, Adult Swim’s Perfect Hair Forever, and Nickelodeon’s Kappa Mikeyare examples of satirical depictions of Japanese culture and anime.
Anime has influenced the cartoon and animation industry throughout the world using expressions and other aesthetics as influence to get across a wide scope of emotions to the target audience.
Manga – 漫画 are comics created in Japan, or by Japanese creators in the Japanese language, conforming to a style developed in Japan in the late 19th century. They have a long and complex pre-history in earlierJapanese art.
In Japan, people of all ages read manga. The medium includes works in a broad range of genres: action-adventure, romance, sports and games, historical drama, comedy, science fiction and fantasy, mystery, suspense, detective, horror, sexuality, and business/commerce, among others. Since the 1950s, manga has steadily become a major part of the Japanese publishing industry, representing a ¥406 billion market in Japan in 2007 (approximately $3.6 billion) and ¥420 billion ($5.5 billion) in 2009.
Manga have also gained a significant worldwide audience. In Europe and the Middle East the market is worth $250 million. In 2008, in the U.S. and Canada, the manga market was valued at $175 million. The markets in France and the United States are about the same size. Manga stories are typically printed in black-and-white, although some full-color manga exist (e.g. Colorful).
In Japan, manga are usually serialized in large manga magazines, often containing many stories, each presented in a single episode to be continued in the next issue. If the series is successful, collected chapters may be republished in tankōbonvolumes, frequently but not exclusively,paperback books. A manga artist (mangakain Japanese) typically works with a few assistants in a small studio and is associated with a creative editor from a commercial publishing company. If a manga series is popular enough, it may be animated after or even during its run. Sometimes manga are drawn centering on previously existing live-action or animated films.